“…this is the Lord’s declaration. “For I will forgive their wrongdoing t and never again remember their sin.” - Jeremiah 31:34
The primary Greek verb translated “forgive” (aphiemi) means “to send away” or “to release.” It refers to the actual removal of a debt and the form or process of canceling the debt and consequences (Matthew 18:15-35; Luke 17:3). The other verb is (charizomai). This term focuses more on the quality of the removal (Eph. 4:32). So tighter, in reference to sin, forgiveness means, “to pardon” implying the heart motivation as well as the method. Forgiveness has also rightly been descried as a promise of pardon, because when God forgives, He promises that He will never hold our sins against us as seen in Jeremiah 31:34. We also need to understand that God’s forgiveness to us is a model for us to forgive one another. We need to understand that we need God’s forgiveness both before salvation and after salvation. Forgiveness prior to can be understood as judicial forgiveness, because God acts as a judge, declaring us righteous forever and delivering us form eternal condemnation (Romans 4:3-8; Colossians 2:13-14). Forgiveness after salvation can be called parental forgiveness, because God is now our loving Father who wants to free us from hindrances to our relationship that unconfessed sin brings (Matthew 6:12; Hebrews 12:5-11; 1 John 1:9).